Short Course on Tools – What You Should Know
Learn Everything There Is To Know About Plasma Cutters
A plasma cutter is an object that can pass through even the ferrous of materials like metals and steel and that is because of the contribution of the unique properties of plasma.
Before we proceed on discussing how plasma cutter works, lets us first define plasma, the one responsible for letting plasma cutter pass through thick materials, Speaking of plasma, it is known to be as the fourth state of matter apart from solid, liquid and gas and is also known as a hot ionized gas which consists of approximately the same equal numbers of positively charged ions and the negatively charged electrons. When we were young, we learned about the states of matter and we are taught that there are juts three of them namely: solid, liquid and gas but the truth is that there are actually four states of matter and the fourth one on the list of plasma. To simply put, a plasma is an ionized gas that provides sufficient amount of energy to free electrons coming from the atoms or the molecules plus, it is also the one responsible for letting both the ions and electrons to coexist. By boosting a gas to an extremely high temperature will definitely result from the creation of plasma. When the gas was boosted on to an extremely high temperature, the energy begins to break the gas molecules apart and the atoms will also begin to split as well. With this, the fast moving electrons will also collide with the other electrons and ions which will lead to the release of an enormous amount of energy. The reason behind why plasma has an incredible cutting power is due to the enormous amount energy released from the collision.
The plasma cutter actually works by sending a pressurized gas through the small channel in the cutting nozzle. You can find in the middle of the channel a negatively charged electrode. The circuit and the very powerful spark is the product of the connection that is being produced when a negatively charged electrode has been applied with power and the tip of the nozzle touched a positively charged metal. Plasma will be produced once the has that has been passing through the channel will be heated by the spark until it reach its fourth state form, so to speak. Did you know that the temperature of plasma can actually reach an amazing thirty thousand degree Fahrenheit and that once it reached that level, it became capable of cutting almost any material.
Other than the things being stated previously, another way that plasma cutter can work is by creating a high velocity plasma flow coming the negatively charged electrode and the positively charged one.